What is Retinal Detachment?

Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition in which the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye, separates from the underlying layers of the eye. This can result in a loss of vision or blindness if not treated promptly.

The retina is responsible for transmitting visual signals to the brain, so any separation from its normal position can disrupt this process and lead to vision problems. Retinal detachment may cause symptoms such as sudden flashes of light, floaters (tiny specks that seem to drift across your vision), blurred vision, or a dark curtain or shadow over part of your visual field.

There are different types of retinal detachment, including rhegmatogenous, tractional, and exudative. The most common type is rhegmatogenous, which occurs when a tear or hole develops in the retina, allowing fluid to seep behind the retina and separate it from the underlying tissue.

Retinal detachment is considered a medical emergency and requires prompt evaluation and treatment by an eye specialist. Treatment options may include surgery, such as pneumatic retinopexy, scleral buckle, or vitrectomy, depending on the severity and location of the detachment.